In the news...and selected stories
Early Southern California Aviation
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Downey's Aerospace History 1947-1999. Gerald Blackburn, author.
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Aerospace States' Incentives to Attract the Industry-
Courtesy- Delta Mike Airfield, Inc.
ALF in Action - STEM/STEAM Event at the Columbia Memorial Space Center in April
Last Bald Eagles Luncheon on April 29
James Kindelberger Graham
... spoke at the North American Bald Eagles Retiree luncheon Saturday April, 29.
Jim is the grandson James Howard "Dutch" Kindelberger,
American aviation pioneer who led North American Aviation from 1934-1960.
"James Howard "Dutch" Kindelberger was born in Wheeling, W.Va., on May 8, 1895, the son of steelworker Charles Frederick Kindelberger. Kindelberger started working in the steel industry with his father but, in 1916, when he was 21 years old, went to study at the Carnegie Institute of Technology.
The United States entered World War I in 1917, and Dutch Kindelberger joined the Army to serve in the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps. He was a pilot instructor based at Park Field in Memphis, Tenn.
After the war, Kindelberger looked for work in aviation. In 1919, he married Thelma Knarr and, in 1920, became chief draftsman and assistant chief engineer with the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company in Cleveland, Ohio. Five years later, he joined Douglas Aircraft in California as chief engineer. Kindelberger remained with Douglas for nine years, leading development of the DC-1 and the DC-2.
In 1934, Kindelberger became president and general manager of General Aviation, later renamed North American Aviation Inc., and served as general manager until 1948, when he became chairman and chief executive officer. Under his guidance, North American Aviation broke technological barriers; produced propeller- and jet-powered fighters and bombers, military trainers, rocket engines, and rocket-powered aircraft; and began its role as the prime contractor for the country's space program.
Kindelberger retired in 1960 as chief executive officer at the age of 65 and was succeeded by Lee Atwood. Kindelberger remained chairman of the board until his death two years later." Source- Boeing
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Movies To See
Recommended by ALF
A Film by Christopher Nolan
"Acclaimed auteur Christopher Nolan directs this World War II thriller about the evacuation of Allied troops from the French city of Dunkirk before Nazi forces can take hold. Tom Hardy, Kenneth Branagh and Mark Rylance co-star, with longtime Nolan collaborator Hans Zimmer providing the score."
"In May 1940, Germany advanced into France, trapping Allied troops on the beaches of Dunkirk. Under air and ground cover from British and French forces, troops were slowly and methodically evacuated from the beach using every serviceable naval and civilian vessel that could be found. At the end of this heroic mission, 330,000 French, British, Belgian and Dutch soldiers were safely evacuated." "Dunkirk", the movie.
"Why the obsession with airplane fuel?
Here, Nolan is dramatizing something central to the entire event. The Royal Air Force was not able to provide a lot of help to the men trapped on the beach because of its fighters’ range. As the film depicts early on, pilots had to carefully conserve fuel on the Channel crossing and, even then, could only operate for less than an hour over Dunkirk itself. What happened far more often was that, while en route, fighters came upon German planes attacking the Royal Navy and had to battle them over the sea.
This wasn’t comforting to the men trapped on the beach, but if the Royal Navy’s Destroyers were sunk (six of around 40 were), there would be no cover for the retreat.
The RAF did battle German fighters and bombers over the three beaches of Calais, Dunkirk, and Ostend themselves, but a recurring theme in survivors’ accounts is that they never saw the RAF in the skies above them." More here...
"The Spitfire prototype came about after the need for a fighter plane with eight machine guns as opposed to just two or four. Throughout the war, multiple versions of Spitfires flew off the assembly line. The plane served many purposes: they could fly high to combat the Bf 109s; they could fly extremely low in order to take on the Focke Wulf Fw 190s; they were used in reconnaissance to watch German movements; and one was even designed for sea-air rescue operations to save pilots from drowning at sea." More here...
Dunkirk- At a theater near you....
Southern California / America's Aviation and Aerospace History